Wm. A. Hammond, MD.
U.S. Army: Treatise on Hygiene
|Name: William A. Hammond
Death date: Jan 6, 1900
Place of death: Washington, DC
Birth date: Aug 28, 1828
Place of birth: Annapolis, MD
Type of practice: Allopath
Practice specialities:GS General Surgery
States and years of licenses:DC, 1896
Places and dates of practices:US Army, 1849
Medical school(s): New York University Medical College, New York:
Univ. of City of New York Med. Dept., 1848, (G), PA-01 University of
Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
Other education: Harrisburg, PA
Journal of the American Medical Association Citation:
1863 Edition of "Treatise on
Hygiene" by Dr. Wm. A. Hammond, Surgeon General US Army.
U.S. Army Medical Department issue with gold stamped logo on cover!
Covers all principles of hygiene for troops, building of hospitals,
qualifications of enlistment, etc. Over 70 illustrations.
"During Hammond's tenure as
Surgeon General he accomplished many reforms which transformed the
medical services of the army and made them much more efficient and
effective.. It was during his extremely busy time as Surgeon General
that the present work on military hygiene was written and published.
Hygienic standards were still very poor in the United States Army
and soldiers often died because of inadequate medical care, poor
sanitary conditions, and lack of attention to proper shelter and
nutrition. Hammond noted that there was no comprehensive, up-to-date
treatise on the subject and so he prepared this work to meet that
need. A thorough and detailed book, it contains many of the ideas
and principles that Hammond instituted in his reform of the army
ID to Dr. Henry Carpenter:
Carpenter enlisted on 8/29/1862 at Albany, NY
as a Asst Surgeon.
On 8/29/1862 he was commissioned into Field & Staff
NY 106th Infantry. He was discharged for promotion on 3/28/1864
On 3/28/1864 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 43rd
Promotions: *Surgeon 3/28/1864
106th New York Infantry:
was a St. Lawrence county regiment, organized at
Ogdensburg, and there mustered into the U. S. service for three
years Aug. 27, 1862. It left the state the following day and
during its long period of service established a reputation for
itself which entitles it to rank among the three hundred
fighting regiments of the war.
It took part in the following battles: Fairmount and
Martinsburg, W. Va.; Culpeper, Mine Run, Wilderness,
Spottsylvania, North Anna river, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor,
first assault on Petersburg, and the Weldon railroad, Va.;
Monocacy, Md., Charlestown, W. Va., Opequan, Fisher's hill,
Cedar Creek, Va.; fall of Petersburg, Sailor's creek, and was
present at Wapping heights, siege of Petersburg Hatcher's run
After leaving the state it served first in the railroad
division, 8th corps, Middle Department, and was then ordered to
New creek, W. Va. The following is quoted from Col. Fox's
account of the regiment: "Companies D and F were captured,
April 29, 1863, at Fairmount, W. Va., where they defended a
railroad bridge for several hours against a large force of
The captured men were immediately released on parole. The
regiment left North mountain, June 13, 1863, and, with the
other troops in that vicinity, retired before the advance of
Lee's army. It joined the Army of the Potomac, July 10, 1863,
while near Frederick, Md., and with other new material was
organized as the 3d division (Carr's) of the 3d corps.
This division was transferred in March, 1864, to the 6th corps,
and its command given to Gen. Ricketts. While in the 6th corps
the regiment saw hard service and almost continuous fighting.
At Cold Harbor it lost 23 killed, 88 wounded, and 23 missing,-Lieut.-Col. Charles Townsend and 3 other officers being among
The corps was ordered soon afterward to Maryland, where, at the
battle of Monocacy, the regiment sustained another severe loss.
It was actively engaged in the Shenandoah Valley, in all the
battles of the corps, and then, returning to Petersburg,
participated in the final campaign.
At Spottsylvania the casualties in the regiment aggregated 6
killed and 32 wounded; at the Opequan, 6 killed, 45 wounded,
and 3 missing; and at Cedar creek, 8 killed and 45 wounded.
Gen. Ricketts was wounded at Cedar creek, after which the
division was commanded by Gen. Seymour."
43rd New York Infantry:
Duty near Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan
James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7;
Spottsylvania May 8-12;
Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient or
May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May
26-28. Totopotomoy May
28-31. Cold Harbor Juno 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Siege of
Petersburg June 17 to
July 6. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23. Moved to
Washington, D.C., June
6-9. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defenses
of Washington July
11-12. Pursuit of Early July 14-22. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley
7-November 28. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Battle
of Winchester September
19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.
Duty in the Shenandoah
Valley until December. Moved to Petersburg December 13-16. Siege of
16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865.
March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit
of Lee April 3-9.
Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of
Lee and his army.
Moved to Danville, Va., April 23-27, and duty there until May 18.
Moved to Richmond,
thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 2. Corps Review June 8.
Mustered out June 27,
(The personal edited research
notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or
may not be completely documented)