American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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The De Gregoris Image collection

The original source of this collection of Civil War CDV's is Civil War surgeon, Charles Henry Alden, Brigadier General, Medical Corps, U.S. Army

Search DeGregoris Index by:  Last name, First name, Middle name

Page: 8

This collection of CDV's has NOT been researched yet and there ARE errors and omissions.  Any help in supplying information or sources on the individuals would be greatly appreciated. 

  (Click on all images to enlarge)

AD 8a

William H. Pancoast, M.D., 1861

William Henry, was a surgeon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 16 October, 1835, graduated at the Jefferson medical college in 1856, studied for three years in London, Paris, and Vienna, and on his return established himself in practice in Philadelphia, and acquired a high reputation as a bold, rapid, and skilful operative surgeon, conservative in treatment and seldom mistaken in diagnosis.  He served in the Union Army as an Assistant Surgeon.

AD 8b

Dr. Mary E. Walker, Civil War doctor

Mary Edwards Walker (November 26, 1832 – February 21, 1919) was an American feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, alleged spy, prisoner of war and surgeon. She is also the only woman ever to receive the Medal of Honor.

Prior to the American Civil War she earned her medical degree, married and started a medical practice. The practice didn't do well and she volunteered with the Union Army at the outbreak of the American Civil War and served as a female surgeon. She was captured by Confederate forces after crossing enemy lines to treat wounded civilians and arrested as a spy. She was sent as a prisoner of war to Richmond, Virginia until released in a prisoner exchange.

After the war she was approved for the United States military's highest decoration for bravery, the Medal of Honor, for her efforts during the war. She is the only woman to receive the medal and one of only eight civilians to receive it. Her medal was later rescinded based on an Army determination and then restored in 1977.

AD 8c

A. C. Bergen, U.S.A. Surgeon

No information

AD 8d

Benjamin  F. Gibbs, U.S.N. Surgeon

Assistant Surgeon, 12 November, 1858. Passed Assistant Surgeon, 22 May, 1862. Surgeon, 22 May, 1862. Medical Inspector, 17 March, 1876. Died 9 September, 1882.


AD 8e

Dr. Emile Blaise Gardette, Dentist, M.D.

Emile B. Gardette, M.D. was a graduate of Jefferson Medical College in the Class of 1838.  Born in 1803 in Philadelphia, he was first trained in dentistry by his father, Jacques Gardette (1756-1831), who practiced in Philadelphia for more than 45 years, having started in 1784.  Emile, was brought up in the professional tradition of dentistry under the preceptor system.

He was a member of the Jefferson Board in 1856,  and assumed the Presidency of the Board on May 15, 1875

AD 8f

Dr. George Pepper Norris

No information

AD 8g

Elbert J. Clark, U.S.A. Surgeon

Dr. Elbert J. Clark  was a New Yorker who moved to Illinois (near Rockford) and served as a private in the Civil War. He later attended medical training in Chicago; became contract surgeon and served at a couple of the Indian agencies in Dakota. During the 1876 campaign he was assigned to the supply depots and camp hospitals at Rosebud, Powder River and Glendive.

AD 8h

J. J. Sowerby, U. S. N. Surgeon

Acting Assistant Surgeon, 5 November, 1862. Acting Passed Assistant Surgeon, 12 April, 1865. Honorably discharged 18 July, 1868. Acting Passed Assistant Surgeon, 5 December, 1873. Honorably discharged 30 June, 1879.


AD 8i

 Aaron Ivins Comfort, M. D.,

Aaron Comfort; born on March 4th, 1827, in Penn's
Manor, Bucks county, Pennsylvania. After having graduated at Williston Seminary, East Hampton,
Massachusetts. Subsequently, entered Amherst College, Massachusetts.  He graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in the class of 1860. After graduating he was an assistant demonstrator of anatomy at his alma mater, and at the same time he became the attending physician, and  consulting physician to the Southern dispensary in the Moyamensing district of Philadelphia as well as attending, and consulting accoucheur, in the Philadelphia Lying-in Charity.

February, 1862, he entered the army as an acting assistant surgeon of the United States army, and was assigned to duty with troops in the field,. The Anderson troops, a company of volunteer cavalry acting as Gen. D. C. Buell's escort, and, subsequently, in 1862, he was assigned to duty as the only medical officer, with the Fourth Regiment, United States cavalry, until the 9th of June, 1863. As medical officer he was present at the battle of Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee; siege of Corinth, Mississippi; battle of Perryville, Kentucky, and of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, at which battle he rode in person with that regiment in its now historic charge.  While on the battlefield, during the engagement,
and in search of a wounded officer, he captured a Confederate soldier, disarmed him and made him a prisoner of war. During the first half of 1863 he was in a charge of the Fourth regiment, United States cavalry,
at Snow Hill, Tennessee, in a charge of that regiment at Franklin, Tennessee.  During August and several subsequent months he was on duty at the United States general hospital at Chester, Pennsylvania. In the spring of 1864 he accepted from President Lincoln a commission as assistant surgeon,  United States volunteers, having previously passed a satisfactory examination by a board of medical officers of the regular army. As assistant surgeon of volunteers he was during part of the spring of 1864 on duty with troops in the field. During the summer and autumn of that year he was in charge of a small-pox hospital; and also a post hospital at Columbia, Tennessee. At the advance of the Confederate General Hood, upon Nashville, when it seemed impossible to prevent the sick and wounded, in the field hospital at Columbia, Tennessee from falling into the hands of the enemy, he was detailed to remain "in charge" of the sick and wounded; and, but for the fact that they were subsequently removed under cover of the night, he, with them, would have been made a prisoner of war. He was present at the battle of Nashville. He was on duty at the Cavalry Corps hospital, at Gallatin, Tennessee, during the greater part of January and February, 1865. During the spring and the greater part of the summer of that year he was "surgeon in charge" of Hospital No. 16 at Nashville, which had a
capacity of four or five hundred beds, and a staff of five or six medical officers. After the close of the war, when the general hospitals were closed, he was ordered to sell, at auction, the unserviceable property of Hospitals No. 8. and No. 16, and of one or two others, and the sum of several thousand dollars, realized therefrom, reverted to the treasury of the United States. During the
greater part of the summer and autumn of 1865 he was in charge of Post Hospital at Clarksville, Tennessee. On the 3rd of November, 1865, he was mustered out of the service with the brevet rank of captain of volunteers, but he was assigned to duty as acting assistant surgeon, United States army, at the headquarters of Major-General George H.
Thomas at Nashville, and at once made post surgeon, or "physician in attendance upon the officers and their families."
From 1866 to 1892 Dr. Comfort was with detachments of the army stationed at various forts on the frontier,
having visited nearly every territory in the west, traveled over the plains with the soldiers in pursuit of hostile Indians, in his capacity of assistant surgeon of the army, and as such rendered much service.  There is scarcely a fort from the Dakotas to the Indian Territory and Arizona where he has not been stationed, and scarcely a trail over the vast territory of the far west that he has not followed.


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If you have any Civil War images for sale, north or south, please contact us as we are constantly adding to this collection.

Search DeGregoris Index by:  Last name, First name, Middle name

Written permission is required for use of any image in any form of publication.  Sale or reproduction of any image is strictly prohibited.

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 


Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.


Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3


Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016