American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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American Civil War Surgical Antiques

Research and Identification

Civil War Era Surgical Sets, Surgeon's Images

Civil War Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

Established 1995    .     Dr. Michael Echols Collection


As seen in:  Warman's Civil War Collectibles, Antique Week, Northeast Antiques, Antiques & Collecting publications, and various TV programs

   Civil War Surgical and Medical Text Books

Page Eleven

   Authors: United States. Surgeon-General's Office: Barnes, Joseph K.; Woodward, Joseph Janvier; Smart, Charles; Otis, George Alexander; Huntington, David Lowe, City of NY, Medical Department;

Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion (1861-1865)  Six volumes 1870 to 1888

The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion (American Civil War of 1861-1865) is a multi-volume (6 hard bound volumes in green cloth with gilt lettering along spine.) set originally published after the Civil War, detailing surgical cases and diseases and most importantly, the surgeons and assistant surgeons who performed the surgery. This work consists of numerous statistical summaries relating to diseases, wounds, pathology, post-mortem reports, and deaths in both the Union and Confederate armies, with the overwhelming bulk of material formed from the reports of U.S. medical directors, surgeons, doctors, and hospital staff during the War.   The data collected during the War helped propel medical and surgical knowledge the the United State to new heights.  The understanding of pathology gained through post-mortem analysis was invaluable in expanding the future medical education of surgeons and medical researchers.


In addition to the statistical summaries, excerpts are presented from case studies of tens of thousands of victims of disease and injury during the War. Not only is this account the basic source for medical data, but it comprises one of the finest collections of material relating to individual soldiers. Hundreds of engravings, charts, and tables, as well as many color plates accompany the text. The names of the surgeons who submitted these case studies are almost always included, so this set can be helpful in tracking where an individual surgeon was at various times.



"The Congressional Printer is hereby authorized to print and bind five thousand additional copies of the Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion; one thousand of which shall be for the use of the Senate, three thousand for the use of the House of Representatives, and one thousand for distribution by the Surgeon General of the Army."
In accordance with the foregoing provision of the law, a second issue of the First Part of the Medical and Surgical History has been prepared, corresponding, as nearly as practicable, with the first issue. Obvious typographical errors have been corrected; but a minute revision of the text has not been attempted, as the time of the officers engaged on the work is fully occupied with the preparation of the second and third parts of this large statistical work.


JOSEPH K. BARNES, Surgeon General United States Army.
WAR DEPARTMENT,Surgeon General's Office, April, 1875.



This set consists of three medical volumes (Part 1 Vol. 1 - 365 pages long, Part 2 Vol. 1 - 869 pages long, and Part 3 Vol. 1 - 989 pages long) AND three surgical volumes (Part 1 Vol. 2 - 650 pages long, Part 2 Vol. 2 - 1024 pages long, and Part 3 Vol. 2 - 986 pages long). These volumes were published between 1870 and 1888 from the information collected by the Surgeon-General's office during the Civil War.  There is also a searchable DVD for this information, which this researcher uses rather than 'bending' these invaluable original textbooks.





Click on images to enlarge





Stamp in one volume

Cincinnati physicians established the Academy of Medicine in 1857. It served as primarily a social and educational club for local physicians. Members met together to share knowledge, to establish standards for medical education, and to debate medical treatments for various illnesses affecting the community. The Academy of Medicine has continually operated since the 1850s.

Stamp of Academy of Medicine

Cincinnati, Ohio



Surgical Pathology in the Era of the Civil War: The Remarkable Life and Accomplishments of Joseph Janvier Woodward, MD

Amy V. Rapkiewicz, MD; Alan Hawk, BA; Adrienne Noe, PhD; David M. Berman, MD, PhD

More Americans (Confederate and Union) died in the Civil War than any other conflict in American history. Following the end of hostilities, Woodward was commissioned to coauthor the medical section of the MSHWR. This work is acknowledged to be the first major academic medical accomplishment in the United States. In the medical section of the MSHWR, Woodward's meticulous insight and attention to detail are evident in the description, organization, and tabulation of diseases found in soldiers of the Civil War. The monthly records of sickness and mortality submitted by more than 200 hospitals and the medical directors of 8 armies were painstakingly compiled, and the troops were stratified based on active versus volunteer, “colored” versus white, officers versus enlisted men, and American versus foreign born. The total number of Union deaths from the commencement to the close of the Civil War was tabulated at 304369, with 186216 deaths resulting from disease and the remainder from trauma and other causes.


“Camp diarrhea,” dysentery, and “camp fevers” are listed as the most frequent causes of nontraumatic death; they resulted from overcrowding, poor hygiene, and malnutrition. Woodward noted the severity in the MSHWR, commenting: “These disorders occurred with more frequency and produced more sickness and mortality than any other form of disease. …Soon no army could move without leaving behind it a host of victims.” In fact, the adage that a soldier needed “guts” arose during this era. For example, in 1862, the “monthly mortality from diarrhea and dysentery among the white troops” reached its maximum of 128 per 1000 soldiers during July, which correlated with General George McClellan's disastrous Peninsula Campaign. By the end of the war, Woodward observed, 1 soldier died for every 30 cases of acute diarrhea or dysentery. In unusually clear and explicit writing for the era, Woodward details the effect of region and season on the cases of dysentery, microscopic analysis of the stools, postmortem gross and microscopic appearance of the bowel, treatment of the condition, and known associated complications. These gross and microscopic descriptions and pictures were intended to remove independent-observer variability and create images that could be reproduced and studied for future reference comparison and diagnostic purposes. It was hoped that the accurate descriptions would facilitate etiologic subclassification of the various types of gastrointestinal diseases and lead to a better understanding of prevention and treatment.



Medical/Surgical History--Part I, Volume II
Prepared, under the direction of JOSEPH K. BARNES, Surgeon General United States Army,
By George A. Otis, Assistant Surgeon United States Army.

Among the American books and papers on military surgery, that have been consulted in preparing the Medical and Surgical History are the following:


  1. JONES, J., Plain, Concise, Practical Remarks on the Treatment of Wounds and Fractures with an Appendix on Camp and Military Hospitals, Principally designed for the use of young Military and Naval Surgeons in North America, Philadelphia, 1776;

  2. RUSH, Medical Inquiries and Observations, Philadelphia, 1793-94, Vol. I of his works;

  3. BARTON, A Treatise on Marine, Flying, and Military Hospitals, Philadelphia, 1817;

  4. MANN, J., Medical Sketches of Campaigns, 1812-1814, Dedham, 1816;

  5. PARSONS, U.. Prize Dissertations on Inflammation of the Periosteum, Eneuresis Irritata, Cutaneous Diseases, Cancer of the Breast, Malaria, 2d ed., Providence, 1849;

  6. PORTER, J. B., Medical and Surgical Notes of Campaigns in the War with Mexico, during the years 1845, 1846, 1847, and 1848, Am. Jour. Med. Sci., Vols. XXIII, XXIV, XXV, and XXVI, January, 1852, to January, 1853;

  7. WRIGHT, J. J. B., On a Gunshot Perforation of the Chest (in Dr. F. H. Hamilton's Pract. Treat. on Mil. Surg., 1861, p. 157) JARVIS, N. S., N. Y. Jour. of Med., 1847, Vol. VIII, p. 151;

  8. HULSE, G. W.. Gunshot Wound of the Head, New York Jour. of Med. and Surg., January, 1841;

  9. HENDERSON, T., Topography of Madison Barracks, Am. Jour. Med. Sci., April, 1841; Vol. I, N. S., p. 337;

  10. LAWSON, T., Meteorological Register for the years 1826 to 1830, inclusive, From observations made by the surgeons of the army and others at the military post of the U. S. S Army, To which is appended the Meteorological Register for the years 1822 to 1825, inclusive, by Joseph Lovell, Philadelphia. 1840;

  11. FORRY, S., Statistical Researches on Pulmonary and Rheumatic Diseases, based on the Records of the Medical Department, U. S. Army, Am. Jour. Med. Sci., Vol. I, N. S., 1841, p. 13;

  12. TRIPLER, C. S., Manual for the Medical Officer of the Army of the United States, Part I, Cincinnati, 1858;

  13. TRIPLER, C. S., and BLACK-MAN, G. C., Handbook for the Military Surgeon, Cincinnati, 1861;

  14. CHISOLM, J. J., A Manual of Military Surgery, for the use of Surgeons in the Confederate States Army, 3d ed., Columbia, 1864;

  15. HAMILTON, F. H., A Practical Treatise on Military Surgery, New York, 1864; and A Treatise on Military Surgery and Hygiene, New York, 1865;

  16. GROSS, S. D., A Manual of Military Surgery, Philadelphia, 1861;

  17. WARREN, E., An Epitome of Practical Surgery for Field and Hospital, Richmond, 1863; Manual of Military Surgery, Prepared for the use of the Confederate States Army, by order of the Surgeon General, Richmond, 1863;

  18. SMITH, S., Handbook of Surgical Operations, 3d ed., New York, 1862;

  19. SMITH. S., Statistics of the Operation of Amputation at the Hip-Joint, in New York Journal of Medicine, Sept., 1852, p. 93; COOLIDGE, R. H., Statistical Report on the Sickness and Mortality in the Army of the United States, Compiled from the Records of the Surgeon General's Office, Embracing a period of sixteen years, from January, 1839-55, Washington, 1856; the same, Embracing a period of five years, from January, 1855-60, Washington, 1860;

  20. WARREN, J. M., Surgical Observations, with Cases and Operations, Boston, 1867;

  21. NOTT, J. C., Contributions to Bone and Nerve Surgery, Philadelphia, 1866;

  22. SCHUPPERT, M., A Treatise on Gunshot Wounds, Written for and dedicated to the Surgeons of the Confederate States Army, New Orleans, 1861;

  23. ANDREWS, E., Complete Record of the battles fought near Vicksburg, December, 1862, Chicago, 1863;

  24. BARTHOLOW, R., A Manual of Instruction or enlisting and discharging soldiers, Philadelphia, 1864;

  25. BOWDITCH, H. I., A brief plea for an Ambulance System for the Army of the United States, Boston, 1863: and On Pleuritic Effusions, and the necessity of Paracentesis for their removal, Am. Jour. Med. Sci., Vol. XXIII, 1852, p. 320;

  26. BRINTON J. H., Consolidated Statement of Gunshot Wounds, Washington, 1863;

  27. BECKER, A. R., Gunshot Wounds, Particularly those caused by newly invented missiles, 1865;

  28. BUCK, G., History of a Case of Partial Reconstruction of the Face, Albany, 1864; and, Case of destruction of the body of the Lower Jaw and extensive disfiguration of the Face from a Shell Wound, Albany, 1866; and, Description of an Improved Extension Apparatus for the treatment of Fracture of the Thigh, New York. 1867;

  29. DERBY, G., The Lessons of the War to the Medical Profession, Mass. Med. Soc. Pub. Vol. 2, Boston, 1867;

  30. ELLIS, T. T., Leaves from the Diary of an Army Surgeon, New York, 1863;

  31. GREEN, J., On Amputation of the Thigh, Boston Med. and Surg. Jour., June, 1863;

  32. EVE. P. F., A Contribution to the History of the Hip-Joint Operations Performed during the late Civil War, in Transactions Am. Med. Association, Vol. XVIII, pp. 256, 263;

  33. GAY, G. II., A few Remarks on the Primary Treatment of Wounds received in battle, Boston, 1862;

  34. GOLDSMITH, M., A Report on Hospital Gangrene, Erysipelas, and Pyaemia, as observed in the, Departments of the Ohio and Cumberland, Louisville, 1863;

  35. HODGEN, J. T., Wound of Brain, St. Louis Med. and Sur. Jour., Vol. V, 1868, p. 405; Surgeons Reel and Artery Forceps, St. Louis Med. and Surg. Jour., Vol. IV, 1867, p. 151; and On Fractures, St. Louis Med. and Surg. Jour., Vol. VII, 1870; HUDSON, E. D., Save the Arm, Remarks on Exsection, etc., New York, 1864; and Mechanical Surgery, New York, 1871; HORWITZ, P. J., Report of Casualties from Gunshot Wounds in the U. S. Navy, from April 2d, 1861, to June 30th, 1863, Washington, 1866;

  36. LETTERMAN, J., Medical Recollections of the Army of the Potomac, New York, 1866;

  37. LIDELL, J. A., A Memoir on Osteomyelitis, New York, 1866; and, On the Wounds of Blood-Vessels, etc.; On the Secondary Traumatic Lesions of Bone, etc.; and, On Pyaemia, New York, 1870;

  38. MOTT. V., Haemorrhage from Wounds and the best means of Arresting it, New York, 1868;

  39. MITCHELL, S. W., Injuries of Nerves and Their Consequences, Philadelphia, 1872;

  40. MOSES, I., Surgical Notes of Gunshot Injuries occurring during the advance of the Army of the Cumberland, 1863, Am. Jour., Med. Sci., Vol. XLVII, p. 324, 1864;

  41. McGILL, G. M., Observation Book, National and Hicks U. S. A. General Hospitals, Baltimore, Maryland, Baltimore, 1865-66;

  42. ORDRONAUX, J., Manual of Instructions for Military Surgeons, on the Examination of Recruits and Discharge of Soldiers, New York, 1863;

  43. OTIS, G. A., Surgical Part of the Reports on the Nature and Extent of the Materials available for the Preparation of a Medical and Surgical History of the Rebellion, being Part I, of Circular 6, S. G. O., 1865; and A Report on Amputation at the Hip-Joint in Military Surgery, Circular 7, S. G. O., 1867; and A Report on Excision of the Head of the Femur for Gunshot Injury, Circular No. 2, S. G. O., 1869; and A Report of Surgical Cases treated in the Army of the United States from 1865 to 1871, Circular No. 3, S. G. O., 1871;

  44. PACKARD, J. H., A Handbook of Operative Surgery, Philadelphia, 1870;

  45. SMITH, H. H., Principles and Practice of Surgery, Philadelphia, 1863;

  46. SMITH, N. R.; Treatment of Fractures of the lower extremity by the use of the Anterior Suspensory Apparatus, 8vo.. Baltimore, 1867;

  47. SMITH, D., Experiences in the Practice of Military Surgery. Am. Med. Times, 1862, Vol. IV, p. 331;

  48. SMITH, G. K., The Insertion of the Capsular Ligament of the Hip-Joint, and its Relation to Intro-Capsular Fracture, New York, 1862;

  49. THOMSON, W., Report of Cases of Hospital Gangrene treated in Douglas Hospital, Washington, D. C., Am. Jour. Med. Sci., Vol. XLVII, 1864, p. 378;

  50. WAGNER, C., Report of Interesting Surgical Operations, Performed at the U. S. Army General Hospital, Beverly, New Jersey, 1864;

  51. WOODWARD, Report on the Causes and Pathology of Pyaemia. Trans. Am., Med. Assoc., Vol., p. 172, 1866;

  52. READ, J. B., Report on Wounds of the large Joints, Southern Med. and Surg. Journal, July and October, 1866.


Continue to Page 12

 Medical Book Collection Index sorted by page  or  Index sorted by author


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See information on Medical education and lecture cards during and before the Civil War

Wanted: Medical textbooks marked for the U.S.A. Medical or Hospital Dept. please contact Dr. Echols for a quote before you sell

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016